White wine is a wine that is mainly made from white grapes, but it can also be made from dark grapes. What gives red wine its color is actually the amount of time that red grape skins sit with the juice, so as long as grapes are pressed quickly after harvesting (separating the the juice from the skins, seeds, and solids), the wine remains a lighter color. Depending on the varietal (or blend of varietals) used, the typical color of white wine is yellow gold, straw yellow, or yellow green.
Like red wine, white wine can be light, medium, or full bodied; however, it tends to be lighter and less tannic than red wines. A tannin is a natural preservative found in wood, as well as the skins, seeds, and stems of grapes. It is what gives a wine a bitter or “puckery” taste. White wine will sometimes get its tannins from the oak barrels that hold it. It typically has more acid on the palate, which makes is a refreshing drink perfect for summer or spring. White wines range from dry to sweet; however, the dry wines are most common.
Popular White Wines, Taste, & Aroma
The most popular varietals (variety of grape) for white wine are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Moscato (a.k.a. Muscat), Chenin Blanc, Pinot Gris, and Semillon. Common flavors are citrus, butter, apple, pear, pineapple, melon peach, and kiwi. Aromas of various wines can be described as citrus, grapefruit, melon, peach, pear, apple, pineapple, nuts, butter, honey, and floral.
High Producing Regions
White wine is produced all over the world, but high producing areas include Germany, Austria, France and Italy. In the United States California, New York, Oregon, and Washington are high producers.
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